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TRAINING FOR NOTHING IN CHI SAU

Developing skill not force

It is the easiest thing for a non Wing Chun person to watch someone playing Chi Sau and think,

“What the hell are you two doing?”

Well I know what we are not doing, fighting, so to me, when someone tries to comment that Chi Sau would not win you a fight, firstly this is like someone shouting at a banana because it is not an apple (I do hope you get that idea?), and secondly I would say that the person making such a comment, clearly does not know what Chi Sau is about.

We all know that Chi Sau is 100% NOT a fight, but it does have all the aspects of a fight (as explained in the video below) and is more a game of refinement rather than sparring.

What I mean by this is that when looking at my Sifu, Master Ip Chun, I have heard such stupid things as, ‘Anyone could beat him‘ and ‘What doesn’t the guy just whack him?‘ or, the most important and most misunderstood would be, ‘He’s got nothing’.

This my dear friends, this is the ultimate of what we are searching for, well in the case of this blog it is.

When you are talking about a 5’3″, 98 year old man, weighing less than 7st dripping wet, MOST people could pick him up and throw him!

BUT, if you want to roll, and discover the most finite detailing within his positions and energies, then to me you could not find a better Master

So, to the title of this blog:

Training for NOTHING in Chi Sau

This is of course, explained in the video below and is mainly looking at the understanding of balance within your game, I do hope you find this interesting and get something from it.

Thank you for watching.

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Uncategorized Wing Chun

THE MAJOR COMPONENTS OF CENTERLINE THEORY IN WING CHUN (IV)

Centerline Advantage—To defend against a hand attack in the proper Wing Chun manner—that is, by using Angle Structure to overcome greater force—the student must instinctively combine some aspects of the Centerline Theory and apply them instinctively with proper technique, power, and timing in one smooth motion supported by the appropriate footwork to create optimum Centerline Advantage. For example, when an opponent launches a punch that the Wing Chun fighter perceives as a horizontal pyramid, the Wing Chun fighter quickly and instinctively “sizes up” the situation and recognizes the punch’s pyramid structure. He processes that information while projecting the Defense Pyramid he believes is most appropriate for the position. Because the Wing Chun practitioner is always aware of the Centerline, he already knows where to direct his defense hand’s energy: to a point between the tip of the Attack Pyramid and the Centerline. By doing so, he combines the concept of the deflective reaction of two colliding pyramids with awareness of the Centerline Plane, which tells him which direction to guide that deflection.

The term “Centerline Advantage” is defined as having the tip of your Defense or Attack Pyramid between the end of your opponent’s pyramid and the Centerline. To defeat an attack structurally, the defender must wedge the tip of the appropriate Defense Pyramid between two points: the end of the opponent’s Attack Pyramid and the Centerline. This method requires the least amount of muscular strength, relying instead on the Cutting Angle and deflective power of the pyramid to achieve the winning position geometrically. Whoever can get the tip of their Attack or Defense Pyramid between the appropriate coordinates wins. Suppose your pyramid is pointing down and in. In that case, it will point up and out, giving you Centerline Advantage if the tip of your pyramid also points down and in. This Centerline Advantage position is also known as “Inside Centerline.” However, it does not necessarily mean that the defender’s hand is inside the attacker’s hand, only that the defender “has the line”—that is, he has his hand between the opponent’s technique and the Centerline.

Changing the Line- Physically moving a mighty attack pyramid off the Centerline as quickly as in the Chee Don Sau example is not always possible. When an attack is so powerful that the Defense Pyramid cannot move it off the line, it is necessary to take other precautions to avoid being hit. Suppose the Attack Pyramid cannot be moved off the Centerline. In that case, the Centerline can quickly move away from the attack. Consider the Attack Pyramid and the Centerline, which must be manipulated in proper Wing Chun defense. Suppose the defense hand is placed on the attack hand but cannot move that hand away from the Centerline. In that case, the defender has the option of shifting the position of the Centerline itself rather than attempting to move the attack away from its intended path. All he has to do is change the endpoint of his side of the Centerline Plane by moving his own Motherline. He has moved to a position where his own Defense Pyramid now falls between the tip of the Attack Pyramid and the new line created by his stance movement, resulting in the same Inside Centerline relationship as if he had been able to move the Attack Pyramid off the line.

To summarize, if an attacker attempts to punch you in the nose and you cannot move the punch, move your nose! This can be accomplished by any Moving Stance that changes the line, thereby supporting the defense hand by improving Angle Structure, increasing power, and possibly improving the Angle of Facing. The important thing is that the line is moved in the right direction to gain Inside Centerline as quickly and cheaply as possible.

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Wing Chun

THE MAJOR COMPONENTS OF CENTERLINE THEORY IN WING CHUN (I)

Wing Chun is a highly logical and sensible Gung Fu system that was scientifically designed for and based on human body motions. Ng Mui and Yim Wing Chun built the ultra-effective and economic system of close-range combat practiced today based on geometry, physics, physiology, and philosophy. Complex concepts and principles govern how skilled fighter instinctively applies their techniques. But, of all the ideas and principles that distinguish the system, one is so fundamental to Wing Chun’s fighting strategy that it can be referred to as the “Backbone of the System.”

This “idea,” known as the “Centerline Theory” (Joong Seen Lay), entails recognizing, using, and manipulating an imaginary line or plane that connects two fighters, as well as the relationship of that line or aircraft to various bars and angles of attack and defense. Because the Centerline Theory is based on geometry, two fighters’ motions and postures are referred to as lines, triangles, planes, pyramids, and angles rather than stances, punches, and kicks. As a result, the Wing Chun student must be able to visualize them as such, effectively “depersonalizing” the opponent, himself, and the blocking and attacking motions used by both during combat, allowing all elements to be viewed clinically. This ability is developed through many hours of intense practice on Sticky Hands, sparring, and drills, all of which accustom the student to dealing with relentless attack pressure while remaining calm under fire. While the student may initially flinch or panic when attacked, he will soon begin to view oncoming kicks and punches as routine everyday occurrences, more like “fodder” for technique practice than a severe threat.

At this point, the student can see the lines, angles, and pyramids formed by both fighters and the implications for his structure. This emotional detachment enables him to apply the Centerline Theory. To eliminate the adverse effects of tension, fear, or anger, which can impede the effective use of the Centerline strategy, the Wing Chun fighter must learn to remain calm and relax the mind, even amid all-out combat.

Although the Centerline Theory may appear complex and even a little too confusing to apply in a real-world combat situation at first, the Wing Chun student will discover that once the core concept is grasped, using the Centerline strategy becomes more and more natural. In other words, without consciously thinking about it, the student will begin to apply the Centerline Theory instinctively in conjunction with all other key concepts and principles of the system. Before delving into the Centerline Theory, the major components of its operation must be identified and defined. Once these elements are fully comprehended, the reader can see how they interact to form arguably the most scientific and efficient approach to unarmed combat. The “Motherline,” “Self-Centerline,” “Centerline Plane,” “Attack and Defense Pyramids,” and “Centerline Advantage” (also known as “Inside Centerline”) are the major components of the Centerline Theory, as is the concept of the Giu Sau Error. The following is a detailed examination of each.

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Wing Chun

THE MAJOR COMPONENTS OF CENTERLINE THEORY IN WING CHUN (II)

The “Motherline”—In Chinese, the Jick Joong Seen or Jick Seen is an imaginary vertical line that passes through the middle/top of the head and down through the center of the body to the floor, forming an axis of rotation for the body. The Motherline does not change when a person pivots on their axis. However, if the person moves in any direction, the Motherline shifts accordingly. The Motherline, as opposed to the Centerline, is a Surface feature that runs through the center of the body. If you consider the body a cylinder and Spin it, the Centerline will, of course, move. The Motherline would not because that is what the Centerline would be doing.

The “Self-Centerline”—The Self-Centerline, is the vertical line that divides the body into two halves. When there is no opponent, the SelfCenterline runs down the head and body’s middle/front and back like a painted-on stripe. It can be used as a reference point for correct elbow and hand position during technique execution during forms practice. Specific block structures require that the elbow, wrist, or another part of the hand be on the Self-Centerline. In contrast, specific attack structures need the knuckles, palm heel, elbow point, or other areas to be central. When performing the Tan Sau motion in Siu Leem Tau, for example, the middle finger should point 45° inward toward the SelfCenterline from the origin of the action until it reaches that line and continues to follow it as the elbow is drawn in so that both the middle finger and the inner elbow end up on the SelfCenterline in the fully extended Tan Sau position.

In reality, the Self-Centerline arises from the Motherline and radiates outward from the axis of the body. When an opponent is present, the SelfCenterline is used as a reference point in the construction of Attack and Defense Pyramids and a primary target area. Most of the vital issues of the body fall somewhere on this line, front or back, so the Wing Chun fighter will usually focus his attack power on it. If you were to shoot an arrow into your opponent while aiming at the Self-Centerline, your attack would undoubtedly be more damaging than if the arrow penetrated any part of the body that was not on that line. Unless it were aimed at the Motherline from the outside and penetrated far enough to reach the vital organs the long way, the arrow would most likely not pass through any essential organ.

This is why the Self-Centerline must be carefully defended and why it is the primary target of the Wing Chun attack. Furthermore, when a punch lands off the Self-Centerline, the opponent can roll with the force of the blow using the Motherline as the pivotal point, effectively dissolving most of its impact. In contrast, a solid blow to a point on the Self-Centerline will be fully absorbed by the opponent because the pivotal moment is negated by the central focus of the punching power, leaving him no opportunity to “roll with the punch.”

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WING CHUN: THE BENEFITS OF FACING (II)

The CRCA Wing Chun fighter will always consider the resulting Facing relationship before making footwork that will change that relationship. He will always, no matter how slightly, take a step in the direction that will give him the Advantage of Facing. This strategy is because the slightest Facing Advantage created by the Wing Chun fighter’s first step may be compounded, possibly unintentionally, by the opponent himself. Thus, even if you take a small step to the inside or outside of the opponent’s leading foot from a ready position for the slightest Advantage, the opponent may add to it by stepping further inside or outside of your foot—possibly unaware that he is giving up Facing Advantage as he moves in the only direction that is not blocked by your foot. He is simply following the unobstructed path, which can lead him to the disadvantage of Facing if you have stepped correctly to “set him up” in the first place.

The opponent may be utterly unaware of the advantage. When executing a technique from an Open relationship (you are in a left lead, and he is a right), you will almost always step your leading left foot to the outside of his top right foot. Although the Facing inherent advantage that you are creating may not be obvious, if you continue to move in, or if he moves forward inside of your foot, he will end up with his back to you—Dead Side exposed. When executing Tan Da vs. his lead left Jab from a Closed Left relationship (both fighters in a left leading stance), step to the inside of his leading left foot. Stepping to the outside world, “give him your back” works in conjunction with the Centerline Theory. The ultimate goal is to gain at least one, if not both, benefits whenever you use footwork. Stepping with the correct Facing in mind is also extremely practical with Self and Applied Structure.

The Theory of Facing also establishes the spectrum limit within which you can pivot about the opponent—you must never shift beyond the point where either the outermost boundary of your Live Area coincides with the Centerline, or you will give the opponent the Advantage of Facing. As a result, it is usually in the fighter’s best interest to keep his Self-Centerline directly referenced to the opponent’s Dead Side. This positioning provides him with at least an equal opportunity to attack. It keeps his Dead Side referenced 45° or more from the opponent’s Facing. 

This is why, regardless of foot placement, the upper body of the Wing Chun fighter is always referenced within the 90° angle spectrum introduced by the Choh Ma stance pivot. In other words, if the entire lower half of your body were shrouded in a heavy mist from the waist down, the opponent would have no way of knowing whether you are in a turned, braced, forward, or rear stance, only that you are turned to face him somewhere within your own 90° of “Live Area.”

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WING CHUN: THE REFERENCE CONCEPT (III)

The “merry-go-round” used by children in the park is a simple analogy. Suppose the merry-go-round is spinning, and two children simultaneously jump off. In that case, one from each side of its diameter will be thrown in one direction and the other in the opposite direction. Similarly, when the Wing Chun man performs a stance pivoting Tan Da, both his Tan Sau and his punch “jump off the merry-go-round” simultaneously. However, the Tan Sau will go in one direction (toward the Self-Centerline), and the energy will go in another (into the Centerline).

The student is introduced to the concept of “Reference,” which in its most basic context refers to the focus of an individual moving to a given point in space through a combination of certain Siu Leem Tau and Chum Kiu motions and the logic behind them. When the student first learns the Syeung Kuen (Double Punch) motion in the Siu Leem Tau form, he is taught to strike vertically with both sets of knuckles on the Original Centerline rather than with one fist stacked directly over the other. This leads to the realization that, even in a single punch, the “reference” to the Centerline should be the knuckle points rather than the middle of the fist. Although a hole is a Yang motion, the knuckles refer to the Self-Centerline because there is no stance pivot in the Siu Leem Tau form. Tan Sau and Woo Sau, as well as other Yang motions like Boang Sau and Jing Jyeung, fall into this category. The Centerline and Self-Centerline do not separate until the Choh Ma stance pivot in the Chum Kiu form, with the Tan and Woo remaining reference to the body and the punch remaining on the original Centerline.

Pock Sau, without a stance pivot, and again when pivoted, concerning the Centerline. Although the stance is not shifted, the Pock Sau slap block in the Siu Leem Tau form (photos A and B) references the past Center, subtly introducing the student to the principle of focusing Yang blocks to the Centerline when they are eventually executed with a stance pivot. This becomes clearer when Pock Sau is seen from above pivoted. Its body structure remains unchanged, with its reference fixed on the Original Centerline.

The Pock Sau slap block motion in Siu Leem Tau laid the groundwork for this concept; the Pock Sau motion originates at the Centerline and moves inward and forward past the line when executed in the form. However, the application focuses on the Centerline while maintaining the same relationship with the body as its non-pivoted form. When students understand the fundamental concept of reference, they can begin to execute the Siu Leem Tau techniques previously practiced in the stationary “Yee” Jee Keem Yeung Ma position, with various other forms of footwork beneath them. For example, the same straight punch described above could be carried out with Choh Ma footwork, which adds torque and slightly changes the angle of the point but does not change the reference.

In other words, when you turn with a punch, the knuckles of the punching hand should land precisely where they would have if you hadn’t pivoted, except for a slight increase in the length of the punch. If you swing and punch again on the opposite side, the knuckles of the opposite hand will occupy the same point in space. The pivoting effectiveness at the start of the Chum Kiu form introduces this to the Wing Chun student. Except for the pivoted stance, this punch is identical to the first punch of the Siu Leem Tau form. Its reference point (the Centerline) remains the same. However, the body now faces 45° outward, and the punch becomes slightly longer and more powerful. The Choh Ma Boang Sau motion also introduced the concept of Yang blocks remaining referenced to the Centerline even when pivoted in the Chum Kiu form. When you practice the form in front of a mirror, you will notice that you are being shown to block the same punch thrown earlier in the state with a Yang block focused on the same point in space as that punch.

The Choh Ma Lon Sau demonstrates how a Yin block remains referenced to your own body, as it did in Siu Leem Tau. In contrast, Yang motions such as the punch and the Boang Sau remain referenced to the same point on the floor that they did in Siu Leem Tau. As a result, the Chum Kiu level student will realize that the Centerline viewed at Siu Leem Tau level was made up of two lines that happened to overlap because you were pivoted to the exact Center. However, as you began to shift, you noticed that the line splits into two—the one that remains “painted” on your body (the Self-Centerline) and moves with you as you move, and the one that remains “painted” on the floor (the Centerline).

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WING CHUN: THE BENEFITS OF FACING (I)

In Wing Chun, the term “Facing” (Ying Sai) refers to the frontal reference of one fighter to another. Another time, Ying Chiu refers to a fighter’s “Facing Posture” about another. When one fighter’s “Facing” is frontally referenced to the other’s side or back, “Facing Advantage” occurs. This advantageous position does not constitute victory in and of itself but rather a favorable position from which to attack or defend. 

A simple example of Facing Advantage can be found in how old warships fought on the high seas. Because of the fact that their guns were mounted on both sides, pointing out 90° from the bow and stern, they had to pull up alongside the enemy craft before opening fire. The disadvantage was that, while they could focus their firepower on the enemy, the enemy was also well positioned for his simultaneous counterattack. This equal positioning significantly damaged both parties, regardless of who ultimately sank whom. After some experience with this type of sea battle, a clever strategist devised the ploy known as “Crossing the T,” which involves positioning the broad side of your ship directly in front or behind the enemy craft, allowing you to fire freely on the enemy without fear of being hit by return fire. His guns were pointing out to sea, while yours were dead on. The essence of Facing Advantage is to position yourself so that your “guns” are on him while he is pointed “out to sea.”

When a Wing Chun fighter achieves Facing Advantage by facing the opponent’s side or back, he is said to be approaching from the “Dead Side.” The Dead Side is anywhere outside the “Live Area”—the 90° spectrum with its vertex at the Self-Centerline and symmetrically referenced 45° to each side. This is the most challenging area to defend. It is also a problematic angular relationship from which to counterattack when the opponent is facing it. As a result, attacking from the opponent’s Dead Side is the safest option. Diagram BB depicts an overhead view of the Live Area and the Dead Side from three combat positions. When any fraction of your Live Area (however small) is on any part of his Dead Side and no fraction of his Live Area is on any portion of your Dead Side, you are said to have the “Advantage of Facing.” The Live Area is analogous to the searchlights used by correctional officers to spotlight an escaped prisoner running through a field in a typical Wing Chun analogy. The Wing Chun fighter has two roles in combat. He is both the escaped prisoner, using footwork and technique to avoid being illuminated by the opponent’s “searchlight,” and the prison guard, attempting to keep the opponent “lit up” within his Live Area at all times. In Chee Sau, sparring or drills practice, two high-level Wing Chun players are constantly jockeying for position. With this in mind, the significance of Facing the CRCA Wing Chun man becomes apparent. 

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WING CHUN: THE “GIU SAU ERROR”

When the opponent uses any Attack Pyramid, there is an opportunity to defend using the Centerline. As previously stated, all the Wing Chun fighter needs to do is correctly position his own Defense Pyramid to gain the Inside Centerline position. This should be done automatically, taking the shortest and most cost-effective route to Inside Centerline. For example, if your opponent throws a left punch from your right side (i.e., to the right of the Centerline), the most prudent and cost-effective defense would be to create an appropriate Defense Pyramid with either hand and wedge it between his punch and the Centerline, keeping him outside and to the right of that line and never allowing him to reach or pass it.

In other words, if he attacks you from either side of the Centerline, you should usually try to position your own Defense Pyramid before his hand reaches the line. Suppose the attack is directly on the Centerline. In that case, it can technically be deflected to either side. However, there will always be one option that is preferable because it gives you a better “set-up” in terms of Facing Advantage. If you had instead used either hand to block his left punch from the outside in, then carried it across the Centerline to end up on the left side of the line, you would have committed a tactical error known as Giu Sau, or “Forcing/Prying Hand.” Because you failed to recognize and take Advantage of the most convenient and expedient opening for correct Centerline defense, you had to force the opponent’s punch in.

In Chee Sau practice, the beginner frequently makes the Giu Sau error. For example, if his left hand made contact with his partner’s right hand or arm from the outside, and that partner attacked with that hand from anywhere to his right of the Centerline, the correct response would be to defend or change the line with footwork to gain Centerline Advantage. However, many beginners will try to push the attacking hand across the Centerline from the outside (from his left to right). The attacking hand will usually strike the left side of the face, with his left hand not only self-trapped due to its grip on the attacking hand but also assisting the opponent by amplifying the strike’s power.

In attacking mode, the Giu Sau error can also occur. For example, suppose you attempt to throw a proper punch from outside the Centerline, and your opponent correctly positions his Defense Pyramid between your point and the line. In that case, you will commit a Giu Sau error if you attempt to force your right arm across and strike again. The more prudent and cost-effective approach in this situation would have been to hit with the free left hand or to circularly whip the right hand to the inside or outside of the opponent’s Defense Pyramid, regaining the Inside Centerline position. 

You could also change the line to reclaim Centerline Advantage with a new attack. The avoidance of Giu Sau becomes instinctive to the Wing Chun fighter after practice to develop the correct reactions. Half the battle is simply being aware of its existence. The other is to understand how to use the Centerline correctly.

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WING CHUN: THE REFERENCE CONCEPT (II)

The Arc of Power- To help visualize how the Concepts of Reference and Yin/Yang Motion interact, imagine that an “Arc of Power” is created whenever the stance is pivoted. Power converts from positive (Yang) to negative (Yin) at the Centerline during a stance pivot, as shown in Diagram HH. If there is no opponent, the Original Centerline is the reference point for determining this Yin to Yang conversion. In the first form, the Original Centerline was established. It is the ultimate point of positive power focus (like the apex of a golf swing) or damaging chambering (as in drawing a bow). As the stance is pivoted clockwise to the right from the Choh Ma position, any movement of the left arm originating from the left and traveling up to and including the Centerline on the Power Arc is said to be Yang in nature. Any proper arm movement that begins at or near the Centerline and moves backward along the Power Arc is considered a Yin, or “receiving” motion. As this fundamental concept is grasped, it will be clear that it is possible to create Yang motions with the right hand and Yin motions with the left in the same situation, depending on the origin and direction of the action.

As previously stated, the Arc of Power can be compared to a golf swing with a “Five-Iron,” with the point of maximum power release on the Centerline. Suppose a golfer places the ball on either side of the Centerline between his feet. In that case, he will hit it before or after his club has reached its maximum power point (the center) or after it has slowed down past the center on its way to a stop. In either case, his stance will be unbalanced as he reaches to either side to hit the ball. The Power Arc functions similarly. Because most Wing Chun techniques are aimed at our center, which is then aimed at the opponent, striking to either side of the center will not only throw the process off balance but will also cause the technique to land either before or after it has gathered its full strength at the Centerline. Any Yang technique that is not focused correctly on the Centerline will lose some of its lengths, as its structure requires it to reach its entire size and power precisely at the Centerline.

The Wing Chun student is taught early in his training to pivot his stance for added power. Stance pivoting, or Choh Ma, demonstrates to the student that a single torqueing motion generates a type of twisting force (Juen Ging) that radiates from every point on the Power Arc. This basically means that when the stance is pivoted, the torque created by the pivot is distributed evenly around the waist, chest, and back. One shoulder advances with the same momentum as the shoulder retracted by the same pivoting motion. Just as Yang motions must refer to the Centerline, Yin motions must refer to an exact point in space. That point is known as the Self-Centerline. As previously explained under the heading The Yin Cutting Angle, Yin motions must refer to a different point in space to have the same effect as their Yang counterparts. This is another example of how Wing Chun’s various combat theories overlap and work together to produce a single result. Complex motions like Gahng/Jom Sau or Tan Da rely on a single stance pivot to power two nearly simultaneous Yin/Yang motions.

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WING CHUN: USING THE CENTERLINE TO ATTACK AND DEFEND

After some practice with Centerline Theory defense and attack, the Wing Chun fighter can do both simultaneously and independently. It can be done with two hands at once, moving together. At the same time, each creates its Attack or Defense Pyramid, or with a single movement in a more advanced yet perplexingly simple application. 

Complex Attack- When a fighter applies a block or deflection with one hand while simultaneously attacking with the other, the resulting block/strike combination is known as a “Complex Attack” in CRCA Wing Chun. This type of attack is made possible by the fact that each hand can potentially create either an Attack or Defense Pyramid at any time and that the structure of the Wing Chun movement allows for simultaneous technique from both hands. This type of motion causes no loss of speed or power. Indeed, more speed and strength can be gathered into the attack from the initial momentum of the block, which, while appearing to be completely simultaneous, occurs a split second before the attack. To demonstrate the Gang Da motion, the Wing Chun man first circles the wrist of the Gang hand before snapping/sweeping it downward with a stance turn, Bracing step, or other footwork. This initial momentum goes through the waist and shoulders to the punching hand, which enters halfway to its destination and finishes just after the block snaps to full extension.

Complex Blocks and Double Attacks— Following the concept of creating two independent Attack/Defense Pyramids, it can be seen that Complex Motions involving two Blocking Lines or two Attacking Lines, rather than blending the two, are equally possible. The opponent’s actions primarily determine this. When confronted with a potent attack, closely timed one-two attack, or even a two-handed attack, the Wing Chun fighter may go directly to counter with a two-handed block of his own. This is known to as a “Complex Block.” Similarly, the Wing Chun practitioner can launch two simultaneous or near-simultaneous strikes, one or both of which can also be used to block as they attack. An opponent may find it challenging to deal with this double attack, especially if both are strategically directed toward poorly defended or structurally disadvantaged target areas as determined by Centerline and Facing awareness.

One-handed Attack/Defense – Most Wing Chun hand and leg attacks can serve the dual function of attack and defense with a single motion, making them theoretically and strategically more complex while appearing and performing incongruously simpler. This is due to the system’s inherent pyramid structure; each activity is designed to suit a specific need and to reference the Centerline or a Blocking or Attack Line concerning the Centerline. Biu Jee Sau, Jing Jyeung, Chahng Jyeung, Chop Kuen, Gum Jyeung, Inside and Outside Whip or Diagonal Punches, Chau Kuen, Pau Jyeung, and many other Wing Chun multidirectional strikes can be used with the Kuen Siu Kuen principle. All these motions travel in three directions simultaneously, making them more challenging to block while also providing a deflective, penetrating, and wedging action. Even if the opponent blocks the multidirectional shot upward, downward, or to the side, momentum continues to flow in one or two other directions, allowing it to carom off the block and continue forward.

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Wing Chun

WING CHUN: THE REFERENCE CONCEPT (I)

Although the concept of a Centerline is not unique to Wing Chun Gung Fu, it is visualized and applied in no other martial arts system in the same way. Aside from the Centerline, the Wing Chun man employs pyramidal, circular, angular, and linear structures to defeat opponents through scientific technique rather than brute strength or speed. Proper use of the Centerline, also known as Seen Wai Miu Yoang in Cantonese, heavily relies on correct Self-Structure and, in turn, adequate application of that structure to that of the opponent. The “Concept of Reference” refers to this combination of form and combat application. Wai Jee, or reference, is similar to target shooting in that it requires setting the sights of a rifle to pinpoint accuracy and then aiming that rifle with equal precision. The Self-Structure (the gun sight) and the Applied Structure (the marksman’s aim) should be as accurate as possible. If either element is incorrect, the execution will be subpar and may fail. However, suppose the Wing Chun practitioner’s technique is correctly structured in terms of reference. In that case, he can combine power, focus, and positioning to maximize the effectiveness of the method at hand.

Yin and Yang Motion—The Yin and Yang principles determine the reference and, thus, the application of a technique. To fully understand how this concept works, the reader must first understand the Centerline Theory and The Cutting Angle, which have already been discussed. He must also be familiar with the concepts of Yin and Yang, as well as “The Arc of Power,” which will be discussed further below. Most people are ordinary with the Yin/Yang symbol. However, one must first become acquainted with certain aspects of Chinese philosophy to comprehend its significance. 

The symbol itself is a perfect circle divided into two equal but seemingly opposing halves that can represent anything from night and day, male and female, life and death. One half is black (Yin), meaning everything in nature that is negative, passive, feminine, or receiving. The white (Yang) half represents that which is positive, aggressive, masculine, or forceful. And within each half, a small circular section is the opposite color. The contrasting colors represent the two ends of a full spectrum. And the fact that each contains a little bit of the other is meant to convey the idea that nothing can be challenging or it will snap due to brittleness. Nothing can be utterly soft because it would fall apart. However, there is an innate Yin/Yang balance in all things in nature, and it is usually apparent which quality is more prevalent. While we categorize motions as Yin or Yang in nature in Wing Chun Gung Fu, we also strive to incorporate some qualities of both into every movement.

“Soft” vs. “Hard”—Just as everything in nature, from the smallest grain of sand to the highest mountain and beyond, can be analyzed in terms of Yin/Yang balance, the same concept of equal, opposing, yet complementary forces applies equally to the Wing Chun system’s many attacking and defending motions. This leads to the belief of “Yin and Yang Motions.” Yang or “Positive” activities catch the momentum of the torque on the side of the forward-moving shoulder and use its centrifugal force (the power of a spinning circle to throw objects off its surface) to push or impact the opponent. Yin or “Negative” motions on the retracting side that capitalize on centripetal force (the power of a spinning circle to draw inward as a whirlpool) have the opposite effect on the rival, pulling him in or “borrowing power” as they latch on to the “returning” power of the Power Arc. 

One of the factors that Complex Motions are structurally attainable in Wing Chun is because of the Yin and Yang distribution of torquing power. As long as the student merges Yin and Yang motions on their correlating sides, he can perform a wide range of Complex Blocks, Attacks, and Double Motions, all of which rely on single pivots to power multiple simultaneous hands/or leg techniques.

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Top Wing Chun School in Singapore

Wing Chun is a martial art that foregrounds practicality and efficiency over brute strength in its techniques. Wing Chun’s efficiency is the idea that the shortest distance between two points is a straight line and always focuses on the opponent’s center line. Wing Chun practice helps to improve sensitivity, reflexes, balance, and coordination.

There are the top Wing Chun schools in Singapore, including:

Chu Sau Lei Wing Chun Singapore

Chu Sau Lei Wing Chun Singapore is at 112 Middle Road in Midland House. Chu Sau Lei Wing Chun Singapore was founded in 2007 and has grown to become one of the premier Wing Chun or Yong Chun Kuen” () Schools in Singapore. Their roots are in the Yip Man lineage, as taught by Hawkins Cheung. They are well known in Wing Chun circles for our Body Structure method. Qigong and gloves training is an essential part of our Wing Chun training.

It was founded in 2007. Chu Sau Lei Wing Chun Singapore was founded in 2007 and has since grown to become one of Singapore’s premier Chinese Martial Arts schools. Their goal is to provide a safe yet challenging environment where our students can learn Chinese Martial Arts and self-defense and improve their health and fitness. Students of all levels and backgrounds, aged 15 and up, are welcome. Chu Sau Lei Wing Chun Kuen, also known as “Yong Chun Quan” (), derives from Yip Man Wing Chun as taught by Hawkins Cheung, a student of Yip Man. Grand Master Robert Chu Sau Lei is the founder of Chu Sau Lei Wing Chun and a student of Hawkins Cheung.

You can check their Wing Chun Website over here https://wingchunsingapore.sg/

Wing Chun Kuen Training Centre 

Wing Chun Kuen Training Centre is located in Midview City. The Singapore Wing Chun Kuen Training Centre (WCKTC) has a flexible training structure where students can train at their regular Weekday or Weekend classes.Sifu Chua KahJoo and his instructors teach all classes. Wing Chun Kuen students will be exposed to traditional and modern aspects of martial art. y. Sifu Chua will select one technique from the form to explain the practicality and scientific concept to students in each class. Sifu Chua will also demonstrate Wing Chun Kuen’s execution and the psychology involved in specific self-defense and combat scenarios.

Their website is over here.

Dennis Lee Ving Tsun Martial Arts Association

Singapore (DLVT) is Singapore’s only school closely associated with the origins of Ip Man’s Wing Chun. It is also Singapore’s sole official representative of Ip Ching’s (son of Ip Man) lineage of Wing Chun. Ip Man’s Wing Chun derives from the VingTsun Athletic Association (VTAA) in Hong Kong, founded by the late Ip Man himself. Master Dennis Lee, the founder of DLVT, is the current Chairman of the VTAA and a closed-door disciple of Grandmaster Ip Ching. He has over 25 years of Wing Chun experience and is permanently based in Hong Kong.

You can check out their website here – https://www.ipmanwingchun.sg/

Ken Lau Wingchun Singapore

The school was founded by chance in the year 2000. Sifu Ken Lau recently relocated to Singapore from Hong Kong and was looking for a school / fellow Wing Chun partner to continue his Wing Chun training and practice. It was impossible to find a teacher or school at the time because no teachers or schools publicly taught Wing Chun in Singapore. You can check their website at http://www.wingchunkuen.asia/

Note that Wing Chun school fees are relatively low when compared to other sports. Most schools charge $200 – $300 per month. Some schools allow students to enroll in an unlimited number of classes.